Configure use of passwords for fixed data drives

This policy setting specifies whether a password is required to unlock BitLocker-protected fixed data drives. If you choose to permit the use of a password, you can require that a password be used, enforce complexity requirements on the password, and configure a minimum length for the password. For the complexity requirement setting to be effective the Group Policy setting "Password must meet complexity requirements" located in Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Account Policies\Password Policy\ must be also enabled.

Note: These settings are enforced when turning on BitLocker, not when unlocking a volume. BitLocker will allow unlocking a drive with any of the protectors available on the drive.

If you enable this policy setting, users can configure a password that meets the requirements you define. To require the use of a password, select "Require password for fixed data drive". To enforce complexity requirements on the password, select "Require complexity".

When set to "Require complexity" a connection to a domain controller is necessary when BitLocker is enabled to validate the complexity the password. When set to "Allow complexity" a connection to a domain controller will be attempted to validate the complexity adheres to the rules set by the policy, but if no domain controllers are found the password will still be accepted regardless of actual password complexity and the drive will be encrypted using that password as a protector. When set to "Do not allow complexity", no password complexity validation will be done.

Passwords must be at least 8 characters. To configure a greater minimum length for the password, enter the desired number of characters in the "Minimum password length" box.

If you disable this policy setting, the user is not allowed to use a password.

If you do not configure this policy setting, passwords will be supported with the default settings, which do not include password complexity requirements and require only 8 characters.

Note: Passwords cannot be used if FIPS-compliance is enabled. The "System cryptography: Use FIPS-compliant algorithms for encryption, hashing, and signing" policy setting in Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options specifies whether FIPS-compliance is enabled.

Supported on: At least Windows 7
Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
Value NameFDVPassphrase
Value TypeREG_DWORD
Enabled Value1
Disabled Value0

Require password for fixed data drive
Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
Value NameFDVEnforcePassphrase
Value TypeREG_DWORD
Default Value1
True Value1
False Value0
Configure password complexity for fixed data drives:


  1. Allow password complexity
    Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
    Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
    Value NameFDVPassphraseComplexity
    Value TypeREG_DWORD
    Value2
  2. Do not allow password complexity
    Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
    Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
    Value NameFDVPassphraseComplexity
    Value TypeREG_DWORD
    Value0
  3. Require password complexity
    Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
    Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
    Value NameFDVPassphraseComplexity
    Value TypeREG_DWORD
    Value1

Minimum password length for fixed data drive:

Registry HiveHKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
Registry PathSoftware\Policies\Microsoft\FVE
Value NameFDVPassphraseLength
Value TypeREG_DWORD
Default Value8
Min Value8
Max Value99

Note: You must enable the "Password must meet complexity requirements" policy setting for the password complexity setting to take effect.


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